The Mathematics Department offers courses of varying levels of complexity to meet the needs of the student. A well-rounded choice of courses is provided so that there is a mathematics course in which each student’s hard work can bring forth success. The courses are structured to help each student develop certain mathematical competencies that will be needed by the student to succeed in the working community. After a student has received twenty credits in mathematics to meet graduation requirements, there are various programs the students can pursue to meet his/her future needs.

### Courses

- Algebra
- Algebra Essentials
- Algebra II
- Beginning Algebra
- Geometry
- Geometry Fundamentals
- Calculus
- Pre-Calculus
- AP Calculus
- AP Statistics

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Several Pius X students earned top honors at UNL Math Day earlier this mon

## Course Descriptions

**ALGEBRA I** – 9, 10, 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

The goal of Algebra I is to offer traditional algebra content as a foundation for advanced math courses. It will provide average and above average students with a transition from the concrete elementary mathematics to the abstract thinking of algebra and will engage students in problem-solving strategies. It will enable students to become proficient with rational polynomial expressions and quad

ratic equations. Daily homework should be expected.

**GEOMETRY** – 9, 10, 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

##### [Prerequisite: Algebra I Fundamentals with Teacher Permission or Algebra I]

Geometry is concerned about “how” and “why” you arrive at answers to problems, along with “what” the answer is. This step-by-step thinking process is applicable to the problem solving and thinking processes required in everyday applications. The course includes constructions, proofs, and study of the properties of basic polygons. Daily homework should be expected.**ALGEBRA II** – 10, 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

##### [Prerequisite: Geometry Fundamentals with Teacher Permission or Geometry]

Algebra II offers an in-depth continuation of the traditional first year algebra course and progresses into the study of radicals, functions, complex numbers, polynomials, conic sections, sequences, progressions, probability, logarithms, and right triangle trigonometry. With permission, sophomores may take Algebra II concurrently with Geometry to prepare them to take calculus as seniors. Algebra II is strongly recommended for college-bound students. Daily homework should be expected.**PRE-CALCULUS** – 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

##### [Prerequisite: Algebra II]

Pre-Calculus Mathematics is the study of trigonometric, polynomial and other functions and the fundamentals for calculus. A major emphasi s will be placed on using the graphing calculator to explore these functions. This course is recommended for students who plan to major in science, math, engineering, or math-related fields, and will be taking Calculus in college. Daily homework should be expected. Graphing calculator required. TI 83+ or TI 84 series is recommended.**AP STATISTICS** – 11, 12 – (Yr – 10 credits)

##### [Prerequisite: Algebra II]

This course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data with the goal of understanding the fundamental concepts of statistics. Real situations are emphasized. Students will design, conduct, and report on their own studies. The AP Statistics exam will be offered in May. Daily homework should be expected. Graphing calculator required. TI 83+ or TI 84 series is recommended.**AP CALCULUS** – 12 (11th grade with Teacher Permission) – (Yr. – 10 credits)

##### [Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus]

This course covers the topics of the first semester of college calculus. Students taking this course should check college handbooks to see if the AP Calculus exam is required for admission to second semester college calculus. Daily homework should be expected. Graphing calculator required. TI 83+ or TI 84 series is recommended.**AP CALCULUS (PACE)** – 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

##### [Prerequisite: Physics and Pre-Calculus] Taken concurrently with AP Physics (PACE).

PACE is a double period calculus and calculus-based physics course with an emphasis on engineering applications. This course will include the study of limits, derivatives, integrals, and series in calculus and the study of mechanics and electricity and magnetism in physics. Students will complete several major projects and will compete in the Pius X Machine Contest. PACE will prepare students to take the AP Calculus BC exam and the AP Physics C exams for possible college credit. Graphing calculator required. TI 83+ or TI 84 series is recommended.**ALGEBRA ESSENTIALS** – 9, 10, 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

Algebra Essentials is designed to be taken along with Algebra I Fundamentals. It will cover basic skills required to be successful in all
high school math courses. Algebra Essentials will also provide extra practice on skills learned in Algebra I Fundamentals. All homework will be done in class.**ALGEBRA I FUNDAMENTALS** – 9, 10, 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

Algebra I Fundamentals is offered for the student who desires a basic knowledge of algebra and who historically has struggled in math. Algebra I Fundamentals will fulfill the college entrance requirements of Algebra I. This course, however, is not recommended for those

students anticipating college mathematics. Daily homework should be expected.

**GEOMETRY FUNDAMENTALS** – 10, 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

Geometry Fundamentals is offered for the student who desires a basic knowledge of geometry and who historically has struggled in math. Geometry Fundamentals will fulfill the college entrance requirements of geometry. This course, however, is not recommended for those s
tudents anticipating college mathematics. Daily homework should be expected.**ALGEBRA II FUNDAMENTALS** – 11, 12 – (Yr. – 10 credits)

Algebra II Fundamentals follows Geometry Fundamentals and fulfills the college entrance requirement of Algebra II. It is designed for

students who are not prepared for the in-depth study of the Algebra topics covered in the regular Algebra II. Juniors in Algebra II Fundamentals will take Advanced Math during their senior year. Daily homework should be expected.